The Best Naked Put Strike Price

Selling naked puts, either cash secured or on margin, is a means for investors to:

  1. Generate monthly or weekly income on bullish stocks
  2. Potentially get into stocks at a discounted price

To enter a naked put trade you will will Sell to Open a put option against a specific stock or ETF. An option premium is received up front and the investor now has the obligation to buy shares of that security at the strike price, if the underlying is trading below the strike price at expiration. The investor will generally need to have the capital on hold in their account to fulfill the obligation of the sold put.

This is a neutral to bullish strategy. You should only sell puts against stocks they would not mind owning in their trading account. It is generally not a good idea to sell puts that have a very high premium due to increased volatility on a wildly fluctuating stock. This may result in larger losses that may not match your risk-reward tolerance.

The risk in this strategy is not that you Read more »

What Happens If a Vertical Call or Put Credit Spread Expires In The Money?

After one of our recent PowerOptions webinars an attendee asked:

“What happens if you have a vertical call or put credit spread that expires In the money?”

If both options of a credit spread (Bear Call Credit or Bull Put Credit) are in the money at expiration you will receive the full loss on the spread. You will be obligated to deliver shares of stock or buy stock at the short option strike price, and your broker would use the long option to cover the obligation.

The most important thing to remember in any spread position is that Read more »

Gilead (GILD) War Story: I Learned A Trading Lesson On This One

Several months ago I purchased Gilead Sciences (GILD) in my married put Fusion account. This is an investor war story about this position and some lessons I’ve learned as a result of doing a regular quarterly review of my holdings.

But before I get into the lessons learned, I need to share some background information that led up to the purchase in the first place.

GILD was ready to move.

GILD was ready to move.

During the December 2015 to January 2016 time period the entire Biotechnology sector was under pressure and most stocks in the sector declined. But February 2016 brought some stability and consolidation. During the February to March period, volatility declined, Bollinger Bands narrowed, and MACD turned positive. I thought, It was clearly time to consider Read more »

Using Weekly Call Options and Weekly Put Options for a Stock Earnings Event

Each quarter we get the barrage of earnings announcements and go through all the earnings figures of each company. Earnings announcements can cause wide swings in stock prices. Positive earnings events can send a stock into a gap up in price and conversely negative or disappointing earnings can result in a stock price sell off. The question then can be asked, “Is there a way to take advantage of these swings in stock price as a result of an earnings announcement?”

The advent of weekly options has made it easier to play earnings announcements. Options have a time value depending on how much time there is to expiration of the option. By using very short time frames for option speculation, this time value can be made very small. Since we know when earnings will be announced and the price reaction to the announcement happens over a very short time, weekly options can be deployed inexpensively by taking advantage for a minimal time value and cost. Read more »

The Best Covered Call Strike Price

Writing covered calls (CC) is a commonly used strategy for increasing income in a stock portfolio. Just to review, a covered call (CC) strategy consists of buying a stock and writing (selling) a call against the stock. Your stock, acts as collateral for the obligation to deliver the stock if the stock price is above the option strike price at expiration. You receive option premium income because you give the right to an option buyer to buy your stock at the strike price.

A basic rule of thumb in writing covered calls (CC) is to choose underlying stocks that you wouldn’t mind holding in case the stock declines. This basic rule would also apply if you were buying a stock for its’ dividend income. In both cases, the highest risk in the position is the decline of the stock, which could create a loss many times larger than the income acquired from the CC or dividend. Read more »

Locking In Gains on a Long Call Option Position

You have probably heard about using put options to lock in a gain on a stock that has moved up in price. This is also one of the ways investors can lock in gains on a long call position. We received an email from a PowerOptions customer with the following details:

“Bought AUY Jan 20 2017, $1.50 CALL @ $1.19 a long time ago.  Current price of the CALL is $2.85. I don’t own the stock itself. How do I lock in the profit but stay with the position, as I think that gold has a bright future? The only idea that crossed my mind is very simplistic: buy a protective PUT.  For example, pay $1.41 for AUY Oct 21 2016 $5.50 PUT.”

Let’s break down this position: Yamana Gold Inc. (AUY) currently at $4.21 Read more »

Long Straddle/Strangle Example for Earnings Season in this Market Environment

ErnestZerennerStraddle/Strangle Example

Many of you know, I’ve been trading for over 50 years. Over that time, I’ve come to recognize market conditions that coincide with trading opportunities. Here are some of the conditions that led me to one of my latest trades… and an example trade you might love!

The last two weeks of October is when most companies announce third quarter earnings. This particular October, following several years of bullish market conditions, stocks appear to be topping and consolidating. This topping process seems to be accompanied with increased volatility.

In this mix of market environments, stocks with earnings disappointments are getting hit particularly hard while other stocks having positive surprises and large upward moves. This seemed to be an opportunity to speculate with an option strategy that might take advantage of these wide swings in stock price due to surprise earnings announcements.

P-t_graphThe long strangle is an option strategy that can take advantage of a wide swing in stock price in either direction. I used a strangle rather than a straddle because the premiums are generally cheaper and the position is more leveraged. As you may recall a long strangle consists of the purchase of an out of the money (OTM) call and put. The further OTM the call and put are, the lower the combined premium to buy into the position, but the more the stock must move to realize a profit. One side or the other will probably go worthless and the other side has to move in stock price enough to pay for both the put and the call for the position to become profitable.

I set up a search on PowerOptions looking for impending earnings opportunities. Here are the search parameters I used:

Option Parameters:
1 strike out of the money (OTM) for both the call and the put. If the expectation is for a negative earnings report and you want to emphasize it you could lower the cost of the call by going more OTM i.e. 2 or 3 strikes. But in this case I had no expectation of a bullish or bearish move one way or the other, but a big move up or down.
Implied Volatility (IV) was set to greater than 0.45 (>45%). Since we needed a big move to pay for the net debit of the option purchase, we need a stock that will make a wide move. The IV was also used to sort the resulting search list from highest to lowest.

The expiration date for the options was set beyond the earnings announcement time frame. I used 30 to 100 days out in time.

Open Interest was set to greater than zero to assure some liquidity. It is good not to be the only trader in the market for your particular options.

Net debit was set to less than 10 points to limit the cost to $1,000 for each position purchased. This would also limit the results to stocks under about $100 per share.

Technical Parameters:
Stock price % of 52 week range was set to greater than 50 (50%). We wanted stocks closer to their highs rather than the lows because any disappointment would would have the potential for greater price movement.

search_settingsFundamental Parameters:
We looked for stocks that would have an earnings announcement between now and 3 weeks out in time.

Stock price was set to greater than 20. Higher price stocks will generally have a larger price movement potential.

A complete summary of the screening parameters is pictured here.

Running this screen on October 12th resulted in a list of 7 opportunities. The first stock in the screened results list that I chose was Pandora Media Inc. (P) at $20.50 per share. Pandora is a music streaming service company that had a recent IPO. The long strangle position was:

P @ $20.50 with third quarter earnings due in 10 days
Buy to open: 20-Nov 21 Call @ $1.64
Buy to open: 20-Nov 20 Put @ $1.69
Net debit: $3.33
Over the subsequent 9 days the stock drifted lower toward $19 per share, but after disappointing earnings were announced (P) declined to $12.98 at the open with a range during the day of $11.50 to $13.38 and closed at $12.39. The put option had a trading price range of $4.55 to $8.10.

p_stock_chartSince the decline was so large I anticipated a rebound later in the day and sold my put option in the morning:

P @ $12.90
Sell to close Put @ $6.76
Return = 103% (6.76-3.33/3.33)

and this was not the best price of the day. The call is presently worthless, but I’m going to hold it just in case there is a rebound in the 26 days remaining before expiration.

As of this writing it is not clear if the call will regain any value by expiration, but it does not cost anything to hold it. For (P), both the earnings and revenue announcements were close to forecast, but the projection for next quarter had concerns about Apple as competition.

This strangle position resulted in a 100% return in 10 days. You can create screens just like this. Log on to your PowerOpt.com subscription or free trial account to make your own search.

P.S.: As mentioned earlier there were seven opportunities the resulted from the screen applied. All of those earnings announcements have now passed (10/28). We historically back tested the outcome for the other resultant stocks. It showed that (P) was the first choice with the best performance. Four of the seven positions were profitable with the average gain for all seven at +35%.

A Balanced Approach for Portfolio Success

The Conservative Barbell Strategy

We recently reviewed a book written by Nassim Taleb called “The Black Swan”. In it, the author suggests an approach for investing called the Barbell Strategy. The approach is based on the concern that unexpected market events can happen with devastating impact to our portfolios. The Black Swan is about such events that are generally unknown, unpredictable, and cannot be planned against to mitigate losses. Because they are unpredictable they cannot be avoided, we need a way to protect assets as best we can against these unforeseen events.

The Barbell strategy uses the two extremes: Ultra conservative positions at one end and highly leveraged, speculative positions at the other end of the risk range. The strategy advocates having most assets in very safe securities like treasury bills and a small portion in high risk – high reward securities like options. The Barbell image is used to show assets at the two ends of the conservative / speculative spectrum. But the Barbell is unbalanced with 90% ultra conservative and 10% speculative. The concept is to invest 90% of the portfolio in treasury bills, therefore, the portfolio is fairly insulated from unplanned events like a Black Swan. In the event of some catastrophic event only 10% of the portfolio, which is invested in the high risk-high reward investments, is exposed to a loss. The high risk-high reward portion of the portfolio provides most of the returns under normal market conditions. Read more »

Effectively Track and Manage your Options Investments

As we approach options expiration you need tools to properly track, evaluate and manage your options positions.  All of this can be done using the Portfolio tools on PowerOptions.

You can quickly create and enter new or existing positions into the Portfolio tools. Once a position is entered you can set Alerts to be notified when profit targets are hit or when losses may need to be managed.

As you track your positions you can link to the Position Analysis tool to see your current liquidation and future expiration values as well as view various roll out opportunities for your positions.

As you are viewing potential Roll Out Opportunities you can link to the Trade Simulator tool to see the before and after profit and loss graph of your current position compared to the potential adjustment.

This video shows just how easy it is to enter positions into the Portfolio and evaluate adjustments as expiration approaches.  Enjoy, and we hope you have a profitable expiration!

5 Keys to a Successful Option Spread Trading Plan

The key is likely to first develop a trading plan for your spread positions in conjunction with the tools on PowerOptions. A trading plan may consist of:

  1. What are my goals for monthly or annual income?
  2. What exposure am I willing to risk in the market?
  3. Should I look for lower probability trades with a higher return, or higher probability trades with a lower return and higher risk vs. reward ratio?
  4. What is most important in your trade selection:
    • The underlying security?
    • Minimum option premium?
    • Volatility?
    • % Return or % Annualized Return?
    • % Probability?
    • Difference in strike prices (risk on the trade)
    • Time frame for an open position (weeklies vs. standard expiration).
  5. Detailed Exit Strategy, including what is an acceptable loss vs. management techniques in various situations.

This may sound like a lot to cover but once you map out a trading plan the pieces will fit together regarding:

  1. What criteria are most important to use in the PowerOptions search tools.
  2. What steps will you use to research and analyze the position more effectively.
  3. What alerts to set in the Profit and Loss Portfolio tool as you track your spread positions.
  4. What to look for when adjusting, rolling or closing a spread position.

The PowerOptions’ staff is available every trading day during trading hours by email and toll-free phone lines to help you get your trading plan together and get you setup with the PowerOptions tools to make your investing plan easy to implement.

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